Military Strategy Magazine - Volume 8, Issue 1

Volume 8, Issue 1, Summer 2022 34 [xv] Doughty, Pyrrhic Victory, 90, 96; Barbara W. Tuchman, The Guns of August (New York: Ballatine Books, 1994), 521. [xvi] French, “1914,” Chapter 6. [xvii] French, Chapter 7; Lord Herbert Horatio Kitchener, “Telegram, Kitchener to French,” October 11, 1914, PRO 30/57/49, The National Archives, Kew, London. [xviii] Marshal Joseph Joffre, “Communique, Joffre to French and Foch,” October 10, 1914, PRO 30/57/49, The National Archives, Kew, London. Translation provided by Dr. John T.S. Keeler. [xix] Elizabeth Greenhalgh, Foch in Command: The Forging of a First World War General (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 68. [xx] See, for example, Joint Chiefs of Staff, “JP 3-16: Multinational Operations” ( Joint Chiefs of Staff, March 1, 2019), xii, II–4, II–5. North Atlantic Treaty Organization doctrine, which is heavily influenced by American preferences, exhibits a similar preference; see North Atlantic Treaty Organization, “AJP-3: Allied Joint Doctrine for the Conduct of Operations, Edition C, Version 1” (NATO Standardization Office, February 2019). Practice Makes Perfect for Battlefield Coalitions Rosella Cappella Zielinski and Ryan Grauer