So What! The Meaning of Strategy
Colin S. Gray
All strategy, everywhere and eternally, can only be the product of tactics and operations. Therefore, strategy must be about the consequences of such behaviour, it has no other source.
Intelligence and Strategy: Relationship in Transformation
The information revolution has accelerated the criticality of intelligence to strategic decision-making. It has changed from a Mean to one of the Ways, an integral part of strategy itself. To realize its updated function, intelligence must know, understand, imbue that understanding, influence the decision making, and transform itself at a higher rate and precision than in the past, and by doing so face the evolving nature of uncertainty.
How Sanguine Can We Be about Great-Power War?
Antulio J. Echevarria II
This article considers the validity of the primary arguments claiming major wars are relics of the past. These arguments have become very influential but offer little genuine reason to be sanguine. Western military establishments have to be prepared for such wars in order to increase the probability of deterring them. Unfortunately, the US military, which should be leading the way on this issue, is quite far behind.
World of Wallcraft: The Contemporary Resurgence of Fortification Strategies
Fortification strategies are resurgent in the contemporary world. Not since pre-Napoleonic days have the precepts of positional warfare, fortification, and siegecraft been so dominant in strategic affairs. The preoccupation in our densely interconnected ‘information age’ with networks, transactional flows, and speed belies the reality that the leitmotif of contemporary security practice—military, civil, and corporate—is infrastructure hardening, stronghold building, and the purposeful channeling of movements of people, goods, and ideas.
Looking Beyond System: Exploring the “Trump Factor” in Israel’s Strategic Choices
Louis René Beres
Looking ahead, Israel's core decisions on strategy - especially nuclear strategy - must always be based upon a complex model of systemic determinants and prospective synergies. Nonetheless, because the current American president is unschooled in critical matters of world politics, and unpredictable in his analytic capacity to grasp a major ally's orientation to peace and war, Jerusalem could soon need to make unprecedented policy adjustments in dealing with Washington. In essence, the blatantly shallow geopolitical guidance provided to Mr. Trump by General H.R. McMaster is not in any way comparable in utility or conception to the nuanced original insights of Niccolo Machiavelli.
The Threat of “Rogue States” and the Use of Force: The case of the Obama Administration
“Rogue states” are considered a long-standing threat to American foreign policy. The most controversial issue, for the United States, when dealing with these types of states relates to the use of force. The Clinton and Bush Administrations opted for a more comprehensive policy against “rogue states” which included the use of force, either limited or full scale. In this article, we analyze the case of the Obama Administration in order to empirically assess the reasons why the Obama Administration opted for a more peaceful approach. Adopting a qualitative methodological approach, we analyzed all the publicly available documents of the Obama Administration regarding the threat of “rogue states.” According to the findings of the analysis the Obama Administration did recognize the potential threat of “rogue states” however, there was no consensus regarding which policies they should use in order to counter the threat.